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China Adds New Symptoms To Coronavirus Diagnostic List
February 05 Banepa.
China’s National Health Commission has expanded its diagnostic guidelines to help identify patients who have contracted the deadly new coronavirus.
In an updated treatment plan released on Wednesday, the commission also warned that it was investigating whether aerosol and digestive tract infections were transmission modes after traces of the coronavirus were found in patients’ faeces.
The commission added respiratory problems to the list of symptoms for suspected cases. It also expanded the classifications for coronavirus patients from three to four, adding a category for “light” cases.
Those in the “light” category and who exhibit mild symptoms such as fever, fatigue, cough or breathing issues but no lung infection must be quarantined and treated to curb the spread of the disease, which has spread to more than 20 countries since the virus was first detected in China about a month ago.
“Some patients show mild symptoms but they are still infectious … that is why we have added the ‘light’ category in this edition of the guidelines,” Li Xingwang, from the commission’s expert panel, said.
“The number of suspected cases might increase because of this but if we can find these cases with atypical symptoms earlier, it will help control the spread of the virus.”
Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, said: “I think the main purpose of including this new category is to reduce the pressures of hospitals in admitting patients while also taking into account that asymptomatic carriers can shed virus. It is unlikely that this will lead to the spike of cases because it will not affect the protocols of confirming cases.”
The commission also recommended a cocktail treatment of antiviral drugs known as Kaletra, ribavirin and inhalable interferon. But no medication had proved to be a cure, it said.
Antivirals are used in the treatment of HIV, hepatitis and influenza. They can help boost a patient’s immune system to kill the virus or prevent the virus from replicating.
“For mild cases, you’d be more focused on ways to boost the patients’ immune system so older drugs like interferon and others like it could probably be quite useful,” said a pharmaceutical industry executive who did not want to be named.
The guidelines also warned of side effects from the drugs. Interferon is known to cause mood disorders, increased infections and stroke, according to the US Food and Drug Administration.